We hear a lot about all sort of shooting events that focus on speed -- IPSC, cowboy action shooting, falling plates, Bianchi Cup, etc. Dynamic targets
are always fun and are good at keeping people's attention. Speed is a challenge,
and the folks that excel at these events are truly inspirational to watch. But
are these the disciplines to work at if one wants to become a crack pistol shot?
These disciplines will teach the draw, the grasp, target acquisition, sight
picture and follow through, all important skills, and useful in defensive
shooting situations. But they don't teach the most important component of
To learn to become a crack pistol shot, one needs old-fashioned bullseye-style
shooting. Yes, it's slow. Yes, the targets are boring. Yes, it requires an
attention span that lasts longer than your average rodeo bullride. But it's the
only handgun shooting discipline that is able to teach the shooter how to shoot
a handgun with precision. How can I make such a claim? Let me explain...
How many times have you heard the pneumonic, "Sight picture, trigger control."?
Shooters in pretty much all of the shooting sports recite this mantra,
constantly and repeatedly. What is covered by the concepts of "sight picture"
and "trigger control" may vary from discipline to discipline, but those two
basic themes pervade the whole of shooterdom. But these things are not enough.
What's really meant by the concept of "trigger control"? Basically, the idea is
to manipulate the trigger in such a way as to not disturb the sight picture, so
the shot lands where it was intended. That's all well and good, but it doesn't
teach us how to do this, or what some of the common pitfalls are. "Trigger
control" just says fire the shot and don't disturb the sights. It is outcome
oriented, not how-to procedure oriented.
I have taught handgun marksmanship for the better part of 2 decades, and the one
concept that is most awkward for shooters (novice and experienced alike) to
learn, and the one most overlooked in most marksmanship courses, is to isolate
the trigger finger. The human hand is a wondrous instrument. One that is
capable of complex motions and delicate tactile sensation. We use it to grasp,
lift, turn, throw, twist and squeeze objects hundreds of times each day. The
intricacy and complexity of these motions can be summed up by considering what
the hands of a jazz guitarist, a big-league baseball pitcher and a master
gunsmith do every day. The fingertips, knuckles, palm and thumb work together as
a truly remarkable team.
To become an expert pistol shot we have to break that team up. We are asking the
hand to two very different jobs simultaneously. First, it must serve as a stable
foundation from which to launch the shot, and secondly it must trigger that shot
at the moment that the sights are precisely aligned with the target of interest.
The first job is static, the second job is quite dynamic. We want the grip to
remain unchanged throughout the shot execution, but we need to have the trigger
finger "activate the mechanism". While most shooters recognize (at some level)
that these two jobs contradict one another, relatively few can actually pull it
off. Learning to do this will make you a better pistol shot.
The key here is to learn how to isolate the trigger finger.
What do I mean by "isolate" the trigger finger?
Learn to move the
trigger finger without moving anything else in the hand.
Let's do a little drill --
Assume your shooting stance as though you were holding a favorite handgun
(this drill actually works better if you're not holding the gun). Hold your
shooting hand out, in classic bullseye form and line up a convenient sight
picture (I use the knuckle at the base of my thumb as the "sight" and aim at a
light switch on the far wall). Now go through 10-15 slow, deliberate "shots"
with your trigger finger. A very common outcome at this point is for one (or
more) of the fingers (or even the thumb) in the shooting hand to "follow" the
trigger finger, closing slightly as the trigger squeeze progresses. This is fine
for picking up and peeling an orange, but is counterproductive for handgun
marksmanship as that change in finger pressure will change not only where the
handgun is pointed, it will also alter how it moves in recoil (thereby impacting
the accuracy of follow up shots). Now repeat the 10-15 "shots", this time
concentrating on the shooting hand, and keeping everything fixed except the
trigger finger. Do not allow anything else to move, or even tense up. This will
be awkward at first. That's OK. This is a very un-natural motion for us to ask
the hand to make. Keep repeating these virtual dry-fire drills a couple of times
a day. In time this task will become more comfortable and feel less awkward.
One needs a means of monitoring progress and seeing how much improvement is
being made, and that's where bullseye competition comes in. Regular bullseye
shooting (either formal matches or practice rounds) will help a pistol shooter
gauge how much his or her skills are improving through these virtual dry-fire
drills. Bullseye gives the shooter a permanent record of where each shot landed,
allowing an analysis of the root cause for each flyer. This can be very
diagnostic, and a powerful teaching tool. Sight picture, trigger control, and
isolate that trigger finger!
Addenda by Jim Taylor, Webmaster of leverguns.com
Grip That Pistol!
Single Actions- I grip it high
Double Actions- I get my hand
up on the gun where it won't move.
No - don't hold it sideways! Looking
from the top, the gun should be in line with your
arm. Hold it tight so it don't squirm around
in your hand.
Diagnosing Your Trigger Squeeze
Taken from the
NRA's "The Basics of Pistol Shooting"
Trigger control is of utmost importance, especially when shooting handguns. Shooting bullseye targets on paper is the only way to properly diagnose your
trigger squeeze. It will also keep track of your progress and is an instant
reminder if you start making any wrong moves.
To diagnose your trigger squeeze we start with a gun that is properly zeroed
and that we know is hitting dead center. If you don't know how to do that then
you don't need this article. You should start with something a little more
basic. The suggestions below are also based on a right-handed shooter. For a
left-handed shooter the target results will be on the opposite side from what is
When you fire 5 to 10 shots on the target, if it looks like someone has
been using a shotgun - that is, they are a "pattern" and not a "group",
this indicates you are not consistently gripping the firearm in the same
manner, and most likely are putting your finger on the trigger differently
each time. You probably do not have a consistent sight picture either,
focusing on the sights for one shot while you focus on the target for
another. Probably your hold is not steady either.
2. If your shots
group low and to the left most likely you are jerking the trigger instead
of squeezing it.
3. If your
shots group high to the left - say in the 9 o'clock to 12 o'clock position
- you are probably anticipating the recoil and pushing the firearm up.
This is called "riding the recoil". Groups in this area are also caused by
lack of follow-through.
4. If your group
is consistent at about 9 o'clock you most likely do not have your finger
on the trigger properly. You are probably squeezing at an angle instead
of straight back.
5. If you group
is high to the right you may be "heeling" the firearm - anticipating the
recoil and pushing with the heel of your hand.
6. If your shots
group fairly consistently to the right in the 3 o'clock area you are
probably "thumbing" the gun. That is, as the gun goes off you are pushing
on the side of the frame with your thumb.
7. If your group
is consistently low, say in the 6 o'clock area, you may be "breaking" your
wrist, that is, anticipating the recoil and cocking the wrist down. Low
shots also come from improper follow-through when the shooter relaxes too
8. If all the
shots are hitting right, low, say in the 4 to 5 o'clock area, you may be
tightening your grip just as the gun fires. This is another form of
Again, the above is based upon a handgun that is properly zeroed with a
Be aware that there are other causes for the above results on target. These
are the main mistakes that shooters make, but they are not the only ones.